Saturday, December 19, 2009

Bash Scripting Cookies

- Passing arguments to a Bash script.

`basename $0` in the script will list the name of the script without the path.
`dirname $0` in the script will list the absolute path of the script without the name.
`$0` will list the full path 'URI' of the script.
`$#` will list the count of the arguments passed to the script.
`$*` will be listing all the arguments passed to the script.
`$1` will be listing the first argument passed to the script.

- If conditional statements

Condition
Meaning
[ -a FILE ]
True if FILE exists.
[ -b FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a block-special file.
[ -c FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a character-special file.
[ -d FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a directory.
[ -e FILE ]
True if FILE exists.
[ -f FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a regular file.
[ -g FILE ]
True if FILE exists and its SGID bit is set.
[ -h FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a symbolic link.
[ -k FILE ]
True if FILE exists and its sticky bit is set.
[ -p FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a named pipe (FIFO).
[ -r FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is readable.
[ -s FILE ]
True if FILE exists and has a size greater than zero.
[ -t FD ]
True if file descriptor FD is open and refers to a terminal.
[ -u FILE ]
True if FILE exists and its SUID (set user ID) bit is set.
[ -w FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is writable.
[ -x FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is executable.
[ -O FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is owned by the effective user ID.
[ -G FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is owned by the effective group ID.
[ -L FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a symbolic link.
[ -N FILE ]
True if FILE exists and has been modified since it was last read.
[ -S FILE ]
True if FILE exists and is a socket.
[ FILE1 -nt FILE2 ]
True if FILE1 has been changed more recently than FILE2, or if FILE1 exists and FILE2 does not.
[ FILE1 -ot FILE2 ]
True if FILE1 is older than FILE2, or is FILE2 exists and FILE1 does not.
[ FILE1 -ef FILE2 ]
True if FILE1 and FILE2 refer to the same device and inode numbers.
[ -o OPTIONNAME ]
True if shell option “OPTIONNAME” is enabled.
[ -z STRING ]
True of the length if “STRING” is zero.
[ -n STRING ] or [ STRING ]
True if the length of “STRING” is non-zero.
[ STRING1 == STRING2 ]
True if the strings are equal. “=” may be used instead of “==” for strict POSIX compliance.
[ STRING1 != STRING2 ]
True if the strings are not equal.
[ STRING1 < STRING2 ]
True if “STRING1” sorts before “STRING2” lexicographically in the current locale.
[ STRING1 > STRING2 ]
True if “STRING1” sorts after “STRING2” lexicographically in the current locale.
[ ARG1 OP ARG2 ]
“OP” is one of -eq, -ne, -lt, -le, -gt or -ge. These operators are binary in nature, hence return true if 'ARG1' is equal to, not equal to, less than, less than equal to, greater than, or greater than equal to 'ARG2' respectively. 'ARG1' & 'ARG2' being integers.

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